2. 이론적 배경
마을에 거주하는 주민들의 일상에서 이루어지는 다양한 활동을 바탕으로 한 이웃과의 관계와 공동체활동들을 이해하고 그 일련의 과정에서 나타나는 특징을 파악하는데 목적
The purpose of this research is to investigate not only the time-based and regional characteristics in process of development of rural tourism in China, but also explains the significances of rural tourism in China by economic-political significance and social-cultural significance. The characteristics and significances investigated throughout this research are as follows.
First, the development of rural tourism in China can be divided by three stages: the first stage(1980-1990), the second stage(1990-2000), the third stage (2000 -). Second, the rural tourism in China mainly has been developed around the metropolitan city such as Beijing, Chengdu. But, they showed different characteristics in process of development of rural tourism. Third, rural tourism in China has been used in solving san-nong(三農) problems which are the most urgent issues in contemporary China and reducing the gaps of living standard between urban and rural area. Forth, rural tourism in China has contributed in satisfying the needs of travel and leisure caused by the improvement of living standard of people due to China's rapid economic growth. Last, it is suggested in this research that the legal and institutional systems be prepared to guarantee the benefits of farmers.